|Type of Publication:||Article||Keywords:||quantum dots, nanolithography, nanocrystals, oxidation|
|Authors:||K. H. Chen; C. Y. Chien; Wei-Ting Lai; T. George; Axel Scherer; P. -W. Li|
|Journal:||Crystal Growth & Design||Volume:||11|
Controlled heterogeneous nucleation and growth of Ge quantum dots (QDs) are demonstrated on SiO(2)/Si(3)N(4) substrates by means of a novel fabrication process of thermally oxidizing nanopatterned SiGe layers. The otherwise random self-assembly process for QDs is shown to be strongly influenced by the nanopatterning in determining both the location and size of the QDs. Ostwald ripening processes are observed under further annealing at the oxidation temperature Both nanopattern oxidation and Ostwald ripening offer additional mechanisms for lithography for controlling the size and placement of the QDs.
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